Moscow Kazansky Station / Russia

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Kazansky Station Source: RZD

 Russian railway system

Organisational structure of the Russian railways

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Organisation in 16 regional sections (subsidiaries) of RZD (Russian Railways). Source: RZD.

Russian Railways are a public limited company (100% of shares are held by the Russian state). Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the company inherited the entire Soviet network, which totalled 85 200 km (2nd largest in the world), and 987 of the 2046 companies that had been formed after the collapse. It operates 80% of the network, serving 1.3 billion passengers per year.
The company has an integrated vertical holding structure, and is distinguished by its significant international presence. It has a subsidiary specialised in international business which represents RZD on foreign markets, RZD Trading Company. For example RZD will be operating the Armenian railway network until 2038.

Russian railway network

It covers 85 500 km with a track gauge of 1 520 mm (Russian gauge present in all ex-USSR countries). 22 000 km of lines are electrified with alternating current (25 500 volts, 50 Hz) and 18 800 km are in direct current (3 000 volts).
Some of the distinctive features of the network are its size, the importance of long-distance traffic and the international trans-European or trans-Asian lines such as the Trans-Siberian Railway, the Moscow Express, etc. There is no distinction between regional and urban traffic.

 Governance and financing of Russian stations:

Governance

Ownership: RZD: buildings and passenger areas.
RZD: platforms, tracks and access ramps.
Management: RV, a subsidiary of RZD, is in charge of developing and managing the stations.

Financing

The construction and renovation of Russian stations is fully financed by RZD, in some cases with participation from private investors or in 50/50 partnerships with regional authorities.

Financing of operating costs of stations: RZD and commercial revenue.

 Renovation policy for stations in Russia: Latest trends:

As part of a large-scale project launched in 2008 with the purpose of upgrading the Russian railway network, an investment programme running up to 2030 and representing 600 billion roubles (roughly € 20 billion) provides for the construction of new lines and renewal of the rolling stock fleet. RZD is set to finance 40% of this modernisation programme, with the rest of the investment sums to be covered by the federal and regional budgets. The programme also involves modernisation and renovation of many stations across the network.

The objectives of the programme for stations include:

  • Improving the organisation of flows of travellers in stations.
  • Improving safety in stations.
  • Improving station accessibility, particularly for persons with reduced mobility.
  • Bringing better responses to environmental issues by reducing the energy impact of stations.
  • Increasing the economic efficiency of stations in order to achieve financial autonomy in terms of operating costs.

Different types of station in Russia: Divided into four classes according to the type of traffic:

  • Highest class: in major conurbations such as Moscow, with over 1 500 passengers/day.
  • Class I station: 1 200 to 1 5000 passengers/day
  • Class II station: 500 to 900 passengers/day
  • Class III station: 300 passengers/day
  • Class IV station: size < 500 m² and fewer than 300 passengers/day.

 Case study, Kazansky Station:

Geographical context: Station’s position on railway network: Situation within Moscow transport network:
3978 Moscow is a densely populated city (4 500 inhabitants / km² ).
Economic capital of Russia.

Urban context: central.

At the heart of a dense urban fabric.

3978 Many international services depart from Kazansky Station to ex-USSR countries: Kirghizstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

The station is part of an international hub consisting of three stations located around a square, “Komsomolskaya Square”, also known as the three-station square.3978 PNG

3978 GIFHaving these three stations on a single square represents a major urban asset. Unfortunately metro services are poor, although a circular line connects the square to the rest of the network.
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View of Komsomolskaya Square, source: RZD.

Kazansky Station, key figures and accessibility

Construction year: 1940 Number of metro lines: 2
Date of last renovation: Number of regional lines: -
Total station surface area: 64 641 m² Number of bus routes: -
Number of passengers / year: 1 400 passengers/hour -
Number of visitors / day: - visitors Number of public car parks: - parking spaces
Retail space: 10 290 m² Cost of parking near station: -
Number of retail outlets: 71 Parking surface area: -
Restaurant space in station: - m² Cost of cycle hire: -
Infrastructure manager: RZD Presence of checkpoints in station: yes
Operator: RZD Transfer time in station: -
Number of tracks in station: 17

Number of trains / day: 416 trains (116 long distance)

Station manager: RV, subsidiary of RZD
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Historic photograph of Kazansky Station, source: Moscow city website.

History of Kazansky Station

Kazansky Station, formerly known as Ryazansky station, is a passenger terminal. It is one of nine railway terminals in Moscow.
The station building was constructed in 1862-1864 for the Ryazanskaya railways, becoming Kazansky Station in 1894. The first train from Moscow to Kolomna departed from Ryazansky Station on 20 July 1862.
Construction of the modern building of Kazansky Station began in 1913 and was completed in 1940. Kazansky Station is now the station with the most traffic in the city.

Renovation of Kazansky Station

|Progress status: ongoing
Duration: 2011-2013
Stages:

  • Redevelopment of the passenger area.
  • Opening in 2012 of the Kazansky Station trade centre.
  • Rearrangement of station interior for Next Station 2013.
    Financing: RZD, Russian government and private funds for the parking areas.
    Stakeholders:
  • RZD
  • Government
  • Local and city authorities|Conclusion / expected outcome:
  • Improve service quality and modernise the station.
  • Achieve financial autonomy for the station.
  • Increase the surface area and commercial capacity.
  • Transform the station into a modern hub.|

Description of station renovation project:
Kazansky Station is the station with the highest amount of traffic in the Russian capital, and serious congestion is a genuine risk considering that the station has seen very few upgrades since its construction in 1940.

Two main objectives of renovation:

  • Increase the financial autonomy of the station.
  • Modernise the station and improve service quality.
  • The project has involved the opening in 2012 of a trade centre in the station, increasing retail space to 10 290 m² and the number of outlets to 71, with space for restaurants amounting to 4 367 m². The commercial surface area in the station is set to increase further.

Improvements made to the station as part of the project include:

  • Improved security in the station, with the installation of a CCTV system.
  • Optimised passenger flows in the station to reduce travel time.
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    View of shopping hall in the station, source: RZD

Reorganisation of certain areas for the 4th Next Station international conference:
In October 2013, Kazansky Station is hosting the 4th edition of one of the most important conferences on the subject of stations, Next Station. This edition is being organised by RZD (Russian Railways) and UIC (International Union of Railways). It will provide an opportunity for certain areas in Kazansky Station to be rearranged.

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Reorganisation plan for Kazansky Station in view of the international Next Station conference, source: UIC 2013.

This is a large-scale operation which will demonstrate the multi-purpose nature of the station. It will involve several areas used for restaurants and other services being converted into conference venues for this event.
The central area of the station will host various railway companies’ stands around a miniature golf course, a touch of light entertainment to liven up the conference. The conference will take up a lot of space in the station, but will not cause any disruptions to traffic.

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View of one of the rooms provided for Next Station 2013. Source: RZD