Three Permanent groups were launched following the Security Forum in Gdansk in October 2007, as follows:
- Human factors,
- New technologies ,
- Strategy, procedures and regulations
2 Theme-based groups as follows:
- Border crossings, International Railway Corridors (BIRC) (Merging in 2013 of border crossing (Schengen rules and beyond Europe) WG and security of international corridors (mainly between China and Europe) WG
- Metal theft (created during the annual Congress 2011 in Roma)
Two aspects will be examined as priorities in order to further develop or reinforce activities in progress:
- Staff training – both training of dedicated security staff within companies and security culture concerning all staff, in particular those in contact with the public
- Handling of passengers – involving passengers in their own security (vigilance messages, staff alerts, etc.) and support provided to victims and their relatives in case of a security incident as part of crisis management and communication.
New technological proposals are constantly being presented by industry to enhance the security of persons, goods and installations. The importance of developing the ability to gain an overview of such proposals and assess the advantages they may represent and their suitability to the specific requirements of the rail sector has been confirmed. In addition, the European Commission in particular has launched various research projects and programmes – it would be in the interest of railway companies to be involved in these from an early stage.
Two aspects will be considered:
- protection of stations including in particular “intelligent” CCTV, analysis of suspicious or abandoned objects, consideration of security risks when deciding on materials and designing spaces,
- protection of tracks, with special focus on identification or detection of suspicious objects placed between or in the vicinity of tracks, relating to high speed lines in particular
Security is increasingly integrated into the organisation of railway companies at an early stage, as part of company strategy. This relates to both company policy and partnerships with the national authorities responsible for the security of persons and goods on their territory. Different provisional models have been adopted in the different countries combining internal security, public security and sub-contracting or recourse to specialist private companies.
The development of international traffic and the opening of the European market call for a re-examination of these models in order to identify consistent solutions compatible with the interests of the rail sector.
As an example, the status and powers of security staff employed by railway companies will have to evolve and corresponding preparations must be made for 2010, date of the liberalisation of the passenger transport market. This work will be organised in liaison with the UIC Legal Group.
The objective is to improve the security of freight and passenger international transport
In view of the increasing incidence of metal theft on railway premises, this group aims to better combat this phenomenon by drawing on experience and best practices, in particular:
- Protection and surveillance: fences, CCTV, aerial surveillance, organisation of marshalling yards and storage sites, etc.
- Swift detection of theft: alarm systems
- Recognition of stolen material: DNA marking? RFID system, update of existing catalogues, etc.
- Deterrents: copper substitutes, pollution, etc.
- Partnerships: between infrastructure managers and operators, with national authorities (legislation, intervention, justice, etc.)
- International aspects: European Commission, World Customs Organisation, Railpol, other bodies
- Contact with other “victims” (electricity and telecommunication companies, etc.)
In addition, proposals for technologies submitted to the group shall be analysed with a view to publication on the UIC website in an appropriate manner. A reference document shall include the main conclusions drawn by the group and make them available to all members.