European Train Control System
is the European Train Control System promoted by the European Commission for use throughout Europe, and specified for compliance with the High Speed and Conventional Interoperability Directives.
The system aims to remedy the lack of standardization in the area of signalling and train control systems which constitutes one of the major obstacles to the development of international rail traffic. Unifying the multiple signalling systems in use will bring increased competitiveness, better inter-working of freight and passenger rail services, stimulate the European rail equipment market, reduce costs and improve the overall quality of rail transport.
ETCS is in fact an automatic train Protection system, based on cab signalling and spot and/or continuous track to train data transmission. It ensures trains operate safely at all times in providing safe movement authority directly to the driver through the cab display and in continuously monitoring the driver’s actions.